Categories
Roman Britain

Constantine I, London mint, No. 107 Chitry Hoard

Constantine I, as Augustus, 307-337;
Æ Nummus (22.5mm, 4.39 g, 6h),
London, 309-311, third reduction;
CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right /
SOL INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, looking left, chlamys across left shoulder, right hand raised, left hand holding up globe, T | F across fields, PLN in exergue;
RIC 124 a, LMCC 6.02.014;   R 903

CONSTANTINE I THE GREAT Follis ou nummus AU

Image thank you CGBFR https://www.cgbfr.com/constantin-ier-le-grand-follis-ou-nummus-sup,brm_466326,a.html

Categories
Roman Britain

Chitry Hoard, 2007

Exemplaire n°732 du trésor de Chitry

” The Chitry Hoard (Yonne) was discovered in 2007. It is made up of about 2 500 coins of the late Third and the early Fourth Century. Except for a single coin struck at the London mint in 323/4 which determines its terminal date, the Chitry Hoard belongs to a group of treasures coming up against the monetary reform of 318. This short term accumulation has been carried out between 310 and 318. The nummi struck at 1/72 to the pound represent the quarter of the hoard whereas the ones struck at 1/96 to the pound supplies with the three quarters. The Chitry Hoard is the first treasure of that kind from Central Gaul to be thoroughly published. It provides essential data regarding the monetary circulation in this area during the 310’s. It also brings previously unpublished types and contributes to a better understanding of some aspects of the Constantinian coinage struck in Gaul and Britain. “
Étude, Vincent Drost
https://books.openedition.org/editionsbnf/678?lang=en

“Tableau 3 – Dernières émissions représentées dans le trésor

ÉmissionsDate
LyonA/S//PLG315
Rome-/-//RP-Q316/7
TicinumP/-//P-TT317/8
TrèvesF/T//•A-BTR317/8
Arles-/-//QA-Q318
Londres/-//PLN
-/-//PLON
318
323/4

“Tableau 7 – Répartition par émission des nummi de Londres au 1/72e et au 1/96e de livre

Boursies
(316)
Gaule III
(317/8)
Sarzeau
(318)
Bourton-on-the-Water (318/20)Chitry
(323/4)
-/-//PLN10,20,9
T/F//PLN3548,550,850,746,2
/✴F //PLN0,50,21
-/✴//PLN6247,442,343,947,7
✴/-//PLN2,53,16,64,65,1
Total nummi au 1/72e de l.1 457971 294677197
✴/-//PLN17,739,514,224,7
S/F//PLN53,541,833,552
S/F//MLL4,54,93,110
S/F//MSL1,53,55,90,7
S/F//MLN7,60,54,83
S/P//MLN22,740
S/P//MSL20,52,92,6
T/F//PLN8,65,812,43,7
S/P//PLN2,50,25,61,8
S/P//PLN1,40,4
/-//PLN et /✴//PLN0,512,10,7
-/-//PLON0,4
Total nummi au 1/96e de l.01985501 122271

“Tableau 8 – Répartition par empereur des nummi londoniens au 1/72e de livre

Constantin IerMaximin DaïaLiciniusTotal
T/F//PLN9191
/F //PLN112
-/✴//PLN54221894
✴/-//PLN1010
Total nummi au 1/72e de l.1562219197

Tableau 9 – Répartition par empereur des nummi londoniens au 1/96e de livre

Constantin IerLiciniusCrispusConstantin IITotal
✴/-//PLN59766
S/F//PLN10735142
S/F//MLL20727
S/F//MSL22
S/F//MLN358
S/P//MSL77
T/F//PLN8210
S/P//PLN224
S/P//PLN112
/-//PLN et /✴//PLN112
-/-//PLON11
Total nummi au 1/96de 1.2095642271

Thank you https://books.openedition.org/editionsbnf/678?lang=en

Categories
Roman Britain

Licinius, London Mint, No. 860 Chitry Hoard

Obverse/Reverse
LMCC 8.02.005; No. 860 from the Chitry hoard. R 902

Licinius, as Augustus, 308-324;
Æ Nummus (21mm, 3.5 g, 6h),
London, c. 314;
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right /
GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand holding a patera, left cornucopiae , S – F across fields, PLN in exergue;
RIC 3, LMCC 8.02.005;
No. 860 from the Chitry hoard.
R 902

Ex CGBFR.com
https://www.cgbfr.com/licinius-ier-follis-ou-nummus-ttb-,brm_489723,a.html

Chitry Hoard

” The Chitry Hoard (Yonne) was discovered in 2007. It is made up of about 2 500 coins of the late Third and the early Fourth Century. Except for a single coin struck at the London mint in 323/4 which determines its terminal date, the Chitry Hoard belongs to a group of treasures coming up against the monetary reform of 318. This short term accumulation has been carried out between 310 and 318. The nummi struck at 1/72 to the pound represent the quarter of the hoard whereas the ones struck at 1/96 to the pound supplies with the three quarters. The Chitry Hoard is the first treasure of that kind from Central Gaul to be thoroughly published. It provides essential data regarding the monetary circulation in this area during the 310’s. It also brings previously unpublished types and contributes to a better understanding of some aspects of the Constantinian coinage struck in Gaul and Britain. “
Étude, Vincent Drost
https://books.openedition.org/editionsbnf/678?lang=en

Thank you Lee Toone for images of Etude
Categories
Roman Britain

Carausius, Galley, Rotomagus

Carausius nummus,

Die-axis: 1 o’clock Weight: 2.99 grammes

Rotomagus

IMP C CARAVSIVS, laureate cuirassed bust

LAETITIA, Galley

mintmark OPA

Thank you British Museum for images and text

https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/C_1848-0426-5

Categories
Roman Britain

Carausius, Britannia, RSR

Carausius, silver Denarius

Die-axis: 1 o’clock
Diameter: 20 millimetres
Weight: 3.58 grammes

IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, Laureate bust of Carausius, right, draped and cuirassed. (obverse)

EXPECTATE VENI, Britannia and emperor standing clasping hands. (reverse)

mintmark RSR

Thank you British Museum for images and text
https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/C_1900-1105-10

Categories
Roman Britain

Carausius, Britannia forgery

Forgery. Probable core of plated denarius. Alternatively it could be a smaller denomination struck in bronze.

Die-axis: 6 o’clockWeight: 3.09 grammes

IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carausius, right. (obverse)

[EXPE]CTATE VEN[I], Britannia (wearing mural crown) clasping hands with Carausius. (reverse)

Thank you British Museum for images and text
https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/C_2000-1201-1

Categories
Roman Britain

Carausius, Britannia

Carausius, Silver Denarius. 

Die-axis: 6 o’clockWeight: 3.69 grammes

IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped bust of Carausius, right. (obverse)

EXPECTATE VE MILI, Britannia presenting army standard to Carausius. (reverse)

Thank you British Museum for image and text
https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/C_R-3509

Categories
India

Half a Dub from British India 1794

In 1766 the territory known as the Northern Circars was ceded to the British East India Company by the Nizam of Hyderabad The coins being used there were gold Pagodas, silver Rupees and copper Dubs. The Company fixed a rate of 48 dubs to the silver Rupee. However in practice the rate of exchange was fluctuating too widely to be workable. The Company needed   its own fixed copper fractions of a Rupee and they turned to Matthew Boulton and his innovative Soho mint in Birmingham. They specified both raised and incuse lettering with their Authority, Arms and Merchant Mark on new copper coins.

In 1794 they placed a large order of 9.1 million 1/96th  of a Rupee (half a Dub) copper coins and 4.6 million 1/48th of a Rupee (Dub) copper coins. It was followed by a second order of 6 millions for 1797 when the coins proved successful. (2)

obverse East India Company 1/96th Rupee

British India, Madras Presidency;
1794, Copper 1/96th Rupee (1/2 Dub) (26.5mm, 2mm, 38.65g, 12h), Soho mint;
raised rim incuse AUSPICIO REGIS ET SENATUS ANGLIAE, East India Company arms resting on scroll with incuse inscription UNITED EAST INDIA CO, relief inscription 96 TO ONE RUPEE / raised rim incuse UNITED EAST INDIA COMPANY, Merchant Mark VEIC / edge incuse ENGLISH UNITED EAST INDIA COMPANY;
Pridmore 319, KM392.

reverse East India Company balemark

Interesting the balemark on the reverse (4 above VEIC in a heart-shaped symbol) became known as “the chop”, a word derived from the Hindi छाप ćhāp – which means stamp. It was seen as a mark of Quality.(3)

** corrections, additions and comment very welcome, thank you***

(1) Thank you numista for the spacing illustration for KM 392 and KM 397
Indiahttps://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces39441.html

(2) Thank you Museums Victoria, Australia for numismatic detail:
https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/items/76268

(3) Thank you East India Company website
https://www.theeastindiacompany.com/the-east-india-company/companys-marks/